The National Eye Institute defines glaucoma as a swelling of the eye that causes optic nerve damage. Though not all the mechanisms that cause the condition have been discovered what has become known remains that intraocular pressure caused by the flow of the vitreous gel from cells does not drain at the same rate as it becomes produced. The finding of the increased pressure serves as a red flag for glaucoma. As research continues more options in preventing it have appeared.
One of the factors to help prevent glaucoma or slow its progress has been the discovery that some nutrients have a profound effect upon the condition. In 2017 a comprehensive systematic review began identifying such studies and gathering data. Nutrients became categorized by trace elements, minerals, omega fatty acid or antioxidative nutrients. Open angle glaucoma became the concentration of most studies. The review of the literature showed nitric oxide, glutathione, carotenoids, flavonoids and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids had significant protective effect on glaucoma. For the time adding green leafy vegetables such as spinach to dishes will help the eyes long into the elderly years.
How glaucoma becomes detected and treated
In most cases glaucoma becomes detected during an annual eye checkup. During a dilated eye exam and a measurement with a tonometry instrument the intraocular pressure appears high.
Early stage glaucoma treatment begins with medicines to delay the progression. Other options that exist list as laser trabeculoplasty, or a conventional surgery.
Medicines of glaucoma
Eyedrops or pills list as the most common form of medications used in early treatment of glaucoma. The purpose of the medication becomes lowering the intraocular pressure. Eyedrops come in a variety of medications. Prostaglandin analog eye drops increase the outflow of fluid in the eye. Betablocker eye drops decrease the production of fluid from the cells in the eyes. Alpha agonists decrease fluid but also increase drainage. Other types of eyedrops exist and the eye drop medications can work in conjunction to give additional help.
Houston LASIK continues to be a leader in laser eye surgery. Laser trabeculoplasty involves shooting light beams through a special lens. The light beam reflects across the meshwork of the eye’s interior. Patients report experienced flashes of red and green while the procedure happens. At the targeted places the laser light burns a space in the eye tissue where it can stretch drainage holes. This procedure increases fluid drainage. If all these measures do not work, then conventional surgery becomes tried. Be aware conventional surgery has a performance rate of 60 to 80 percent. Again, it develops new openings for fluid to drain out of. A full-blown surgery on the eye means more time during the operation and more time to heal from.
Before glaucoma reaches its last stages, the Houston clinic has many options and ways to prevent and slow down the disease. A friendly staff and award-winning doctors can help determine what medications become needed. Lifestyle changes and stress can cause more side effects from the medications so know changing medications remains a common way to keep glaucoma at a slow pace. Find out your options today.
Houston Lasik leads in providing premium LASIK technologies to Houston, Sugar Land, and the surrounding region. The center’s award-winning medical director introduced revolutionary technologies such as iLASIK to the region. This technology is used by NASA astronauts, Navy SEALS and Air Force fighter pilots. At Houston Lasik, you can now receive the same treatment. For more information, please call (281) 240-0478.