It is recommended that men and women alike seek consultations with eye doctors regularly after 60 years of age. They have to adhere to guidelines prescribed by the doctor and follow up appointments if any.
What is low vision and does aging induce low vision?
Aging does not drastically reduce the vision of the eyes. There are millions of people around the world 60 years or more with excellent vision and some who do not use glasses. Vision problems manifest due to underlying health conditions. It could be a combination of eye diseases and injuries. The symptoms of low vision starts with peripheral vision loss and slowly progresses to causing night blindness. The person has trouble recognizing people by faces, driving, and shopping. Low vision raises the need to include brighter lighting indoors so that the patient may see things clearly.
Take guard against potential eye injuries that may be caused due to falls. Statistically almost 44% of eye injuries are caused due to falls in the vicinity of homes. Therefore, ensure that rugs in the bathroom and slippery flooring are slip-proof. Fit railings that are sturdy and that do not uproot when applying sustained pressure. Blunt sharp edges on furniture with cushioning.
Does high blood pressure contribute to eye conditions in senior citizens?
Without doubt high blood pressure is one of the major causes of pressure build up in the optical nerves. Like any part of the body, the eyes need good blood circulation and oxygen. Regular exercise reduces blood pressure and allows blood to pass freely through optic nerves and to the eyes. Exercise also burns calories and helps people maintain their weight. Obesity and diabetes can also cause eye conditions such as diabetic retinopathy for example. It is recommended that people over 60 regularly exert their bodies with activities such as walking, yoga and tai chi.
Adequate sleep reduces the pressure build up in the eye and also improves the moisture content on the surface of the eyes. Sleep is a way to keep the eye constantly lubricated over a period of time. A well-moisturized eye surface prevents a condition called dry eye in the winter. It has been determined that sleep allows the eye to expel irritants such as dust and smoke that it may have interfaced during the day.
Can cataracts cause permanent blindness?
The cause of a cataract is not fully known. This eye condition is common in people above 60 years of age. Cataracts are related to underlying conditions such as diabetes, eye trauma, and exposure to radiation. Cataract blindness is a possibility, but is uncommon. A simple removal of the opaque lens and replacement with a new one is the answer to this problem. Given that patients notice the opacity early during cataracts’ multiple staged progressions, early treatment is generally sought.
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