Diabetic eye disease denotes a group of eye problems that are associated with diabetes. These are diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. They are all complications of diabetes. So, if you have the chronic disease diabetes, you should have your eyes check for any of these conditions. The good news is that these conditions can become treated if detected early. There is no need to suffer from vision loss even if you have diabetes.
- Blurred or double vision
- Floating spots, blank spots
- Dark areas, flashing lights
- Pressure in one or both eyes
- Difficulty seeing from corners of the eyes
A diabetic laser easily treats diabetic retinopathy. Laser surgery or LASIK can significantly reduce the risk of blindness caused by diabetic retinopathy. It is important, however, to be diagnosed early because once vision is lost, it cannot be restored.
- Blurred vision
- Colors are not sharp and appear faded
- Seeing halos around lights
- Glares are too bright
- Double vision
Glaucoma refers to the group of eye diseases wherein the optic nerves of the eye are damaged. The damage to the optic nerve is caused by build-up of pressure in the eye. Glaucoma often has no symptoms. What usually happens is an initial loss of peripheral vision, which worsens into the decrease of straight vision. Eventually loss of vision occurs. No cure exists for glaucoma once the vision is lost. However, loss of vision can be prevented if it is diagnosed and treated early. One of the most effective treatments for glaucoma is LASIK or laser eye surgery.
- Take your medications
- Monitor your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol level
- Maintain healthy weight
- Have your eyes checked at least twice a year
Amjad Khokhar, M.D. is Chief LASIK Surgeon at Sugarland Eye & Laser Center. Add Dr. Khokhar on Google+ here.